Bone grafting is the surgical process of adding bone material to an area of the jaw which has been affected by excessive bone resorption/degeneration and therefore cannot support a dental implant. The graft can either be natural or synthetic depending upon the case or availability.
For an implant procedure to be successful, it is critical for the implant to fuse or integrate with the surrounding bone. If it fails to do so, the implant will eventually fall out. For osseo-integration (fusion with bone) to take place, there must be adequate healthy bone at the site of surgery. However, in many cases where patients seek treatment long after tooth loss, the bone has degenerated and can no longer offer anchorage to a dental implant. In this case, powdered bone material is surgically placed into the jaw where osseous growth is required. Once the powder, known as graft has formed hard bone, an implant is placed into it, which in turns creates a positive impact on the prognosis of the treatment. The most common form of graft material used in dentistry today is xenograft which is basically the sterilized, highly mineralized portion of bone material obtained from cows. In some clinical setting, autografts can also be used – these are obtained from the patient’s own bone/bones.
Learn more about how bone grafting can affect the success of an implant procedure; book an appointment with the leading team of dental surgeons at Baucum Family Dentistry today!
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